We tend to think of hackers as loners, however, the reality is that cybercrime has evolved into an intricate and collaborative network. Hackers can have a variety of motives, from financial gain to political objectives. Knowing what they’re after can help you avoid attacks and put systems in place to protect your small-scale business.
Some hackers employ their skills to gain a profit, identifying security holes and bringing them to the attention of authorities to fix them. These are known as white hat hackers and they’re usually paid by the companies they work for to conduct penetration tests. Some hackers are more shady, such as the ones who steal personal information to commit credit card fraud or identity theft, or use viruses to make unauthorized payments or shut down devices.
A strong password is your first line of defense against hackers. Adding two-factor authentication to sites such as social media and banking will increase your security. Encrypting your hard disk is a different method to prevent hackers from accessing your sensitive data even if you gain access to your device. Also, ensure that your operating system, browsers, and other important applications up-to-date regularly. Most devices will automatically download updates, which can close software vulnerabilities that might otherwise allow hackers to gain access to or steal information.
We live in a constantly connected world, where our smartphones, computers and tablets are always connected. It’s tempting to relax and share too much information online, but that’s exactly the kind of information hackers are after. To keep your information private be sure to avoid doing shopping or logging into your personal accounts through public Wi-Fi. Also, make sure you don’t keep any account running continuously.